Industrial Process Fundamentals
Looks at how to reduce costs by reducing time, material, and labor wastes and cost reduction pertaining to fuel, steam, and utility waste, heat conservation, leaking safety relief valves, and preventive maintenance.
Examines proper sampling methods for process control tests, reporting and interpretating test results, and common tests to determine physical properties.
Examines sample purity, production composition, quality, and composition testing methods.
Fuels and Combustion examines the operator’s role in fighting plant fires, fire classifications, burning and extinguishing characteristics, boiling point and vapor pressure, and sources of oxygen, ignition, explosions, and detonations.
Use of Water addresses water’s effect on different types of fires, proper hose handling, monitors and sprays, and tools for an effective water stream.
Extinguishers and Foam examines fire extinguisher effectiveness and when to use each type of fire extinguisher.
Tactics and Strategy explains how to handle different hoses, nozzles, and types of fires and how to approach a fire.
Temperature and Heat examines the states of matter, how heat energy works, and the use of boilers and cooling towers.
Heat Transfer addresses types of heat transfer, heat transfer rate calculations, ways heat is transferred in a furnace and efficiency is maximized, and identification types and parts of exchangers.
Combustion and Fuel examines the components of a basic chemical reaction and combustion reaction and control.
The Nature of Fluids defines fluids, lists the states of matter, and identifies the types of phase changes.
Units of Measurement addresses density, specific gravity, viscosity, and units of measurement for pressure and temperature.
The Behavior of Gases examines the gas laws, gas measurement and handling, and real and ideal gases.
Fluid Statics examines static pressure, fluid pressure, specific gravity, and formulas for net positive suction head and calculating static pressure and liquid head from measurements.
Motion of Fluids explores types of flow, how flow is measured and controlled, and how flowing liquid is affected by gravity, piping, valves, pumps, compressors, fans, and blowers.
Addresses the types of centrifugal pumps, pump operation, and pump systems.
Addresses positive displacement in pumps and their function, capacity, pressure, and mechanical efficiency.
Explains the parts of positive displacement in pumps and how they function, proper ways to prepare, start, and shut down a pump, and how to prevent and correct common pump problems.
Explains the types of valves and how they open and close, other types of process controls, and safety devices used to shut down or repair areas in a plant.
Combustion and Air Control describes the parts of a furnace, how a furnace operates, and how to control combustion and maintain an optimal supply of air to the furnace.
Startup and Shutdown examines proper startup and shutdown procedures for furnaces, the appropriate time for shutdown, and how to restore correct and efficient firing of a furnace.
Hydrocarbons defines atoms, molecules, and hydrocarbons and explains fractionation and how to calculate BTUs.
Fractionating Equipment examines fractioning towers and trays, how to safely clean and enter a tower, and proper shutdown and startup procedures.
Normal Operations explains what happens in a fractionating tower, and proper ways to collect and analyze data.
Addresses accident causes and avoidance, PPE, and potentially hazardous areas or situations.
Explains how to calculate pressure and discusses heat, kinetic and thermal energy, temperature conversions, and thermocouples.
Examines temperature and volume, Charles’ Law, Boyle’s Law, compressors, and ways to measure work.
Explains how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and decimals, defines direct and inverse proportions, and number conversion.
Examines the types of AC motors including their functions and uses.